The eardrum is a very thin membrane located between the outer and middle ear. This small organ is fragile and may burst under heavy pressure. Tympanoplasty is a restorative surgery that treats Eardrum tears.
An eardrum reconstruction is done under general anesthesia and takes from 1 to 2 hours. It is usually done by an ENT surgeon who is a doctor that has been trained in the field of reconstructive otorhinolaryngology surgery.
To reconstruct the eardrum, a doctor removes damaged tissue from the middle ear after cleaning it. Then, he reconstructs the torn eardrum by putting in an autograft.
- Ringing in the ears
Intervention or treatment's duration
- The operation lasts between 1 to 2 hours
- Back to sports activities after one month
- Total recovery after 2 months of operation
How Tympanoplasty (Eardrum Repair) is done?
During this procedure, the surgeon makes a small cut behind the ear and takes a small piece of skin. He then places it at the site of the tympanic perforation. A small scar is left behind the ear.
The size of the skin used depends on the size of the eardrum's hole. Sutures are sometimes used if a homeostatic sponge (Gelfoam) is needed to support the graft material. This operation is usually combined with ossiculoplasty, in case of problems with the ossicles of the middle ear.
What are the Causes of a Torn ear?
There are many causes of eardrum perforation. These include
- Scuba diving;
- A sudden loud noise such as by an explosion;
- Heavy blow to the ear;
- Poking a sharp object deep inside the ear, such as cotton buds;
- (Barotrauma) Rapid changes in air pressure, such when flying.
A Perforated Eardrum Can Cause
- Tinnitus (ringing and buzzing inside the middle ear);
- Vertigo (Spinning in the head);
- Otalgia (pain in the ear);
- Otorrhea or ear drainage (because of an ear tube surgery);
- Cholesteatoma (cyst of the middle ear).
Decreased hearing is frequently observed in such patients.
How is an ENT Checkup Done?
An ear doctor uses an otoscope (a little tube with an internal light) to check the ear canal for possible health problems.
These include common symptoms such as eardrum rupture and possible liquid accumulations such as ear wax and pus. These can impair hearing by blocking the ear canal.
Hearing is measured by audiometry. Hearing loss is proportionate to the extent of the perforation. The ENT surgeon also checks your throat and nose for possible problems.
Possible Complications After an Ear Reconstructive Surgery
After an eardrum surgery, you may experience one of the following side effects
- Ear pain;
- Temporary hearing loss.
However, more serious complications may arise. These include
- Bell's palsy (also known as Peripheral Facial Paralysis).
For patients who have lost their hearing, a cochlear implant may be the solution.
Ear Infections may also occur in the form of purulent otorrhea or even meningitis.
Post-surgical Care After a Tympanoplasty
A medical examination is required after the operation. The ear is covered with a dressing to keep away foreign bodies. An analgesic and antibiotics are prescribed by the treating doctor.
The patient should avoid intense physical activities and heavy workouts for one month. Flying by plane in this period is not recommended. Two months later, the patient must undergo clinical tests to see if the eardrum is completely healed before going back to normal life.
An audiogram test is done to check which sounds the patient can perceive and which not. Different pitches and frequencies are used during this test.
Success Rate of an Ear Surgical Procedure
Most patients who have undergone this surgical treatment in our partner clinics and hospitalshave a success rate of more than 90 percent. However, this success rate varies depending on the initial condition of the patient, and his respect for the post-surgical instructions.
Therefore, the patient's commitment is crucial for the success of this surgery.
Recovery After the Surgery
For a full recovery, take one or two weeks off from school or work. You will still have to see your doctor for a follow-up visit to check for possible signs of ear infection.
Tips to avoid Side Effects after the Procedure
There are some recommendations you may consider avoiding problems with your ears
- Avoid blowing your nose one week after surgery;
- Avoid using cotton buds to clean your ears. Excessive use of these may cause a hole in the eardrum;
- Avoid diving underwater;
- Avoid noisy and crowded places;
- Sleep enough;
- Eat and drink well.
Find qualified Eardrum Repair Doctors in Turkey
The ear is a very complicated organ, it must be treated gently and should not be left in the hands of incompetent people. This is why you should choose your doctor carefully, and opt for the best tympanoplasty and eardrum repair doctors according to real reviews.
How to find the Best Tympanoplasty and Eardrum Repair Doctors?
Ear drum problems are serious and may lead to deafness. That's why it is critical to diagnose and treat them before it is too late. However, you must not rush before undergoing this surgery, a good eardrum repair doctor will take his time with you and do all the necessary pre-operative tests.
Cost of Tympanoplasty in Turkish Clinics
A Tympanoplasty surgery’s cost in our clinics in Istanbul, Turkey is affordable. Make a request on our website and get a custom free quote according to your budget and needs.
We have high-end surgical instruments and the latest medical equipment. Our doctors are highly qualified and have a solid experience in the field. We guarantee that you will forget once and for all about tinnitus and enjoy quiet life again.
Top-Rated Ear Clinics at an Affordable Cost
Affordable costs do not always mean mediocre services, especially when it comes to health services in Turkey. That's why you can be sure of getting high-quality and affordable health care, as if you were in your homeland. Our partner clinics have a global reputation, and a long history of success in the field of medicine.
Many patients have found relief from their diseases thanks to our partner Turkish doctors and surgeons who have never failed their missions.
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Tympanum surgery is a procedure that aims to repair tympanic membrane damages, caused by infections or trauma (perforation with a cotton swab, for example). This procedure also helps to improve hearing.
Tympanoplasty is indicated in case of :
- Rupture of the tympanic membrane;
- Repeated ear infections;
- Chronic ear pain with partial deafness and ear discharge;
- Rupture of the ossicular chain;
- Presence of a benign tumor.
Tympanoplasty, also called "myringoplasty" is usually performed under general anesthesia. It also requires hospitalization for several days and the cessation of professional activities, for at least a week.
The success rate of Tympanoplasty with our clinics in Turkey is 98%.