The best Clinics for Prostate Cancer Treatment in Turkey
The prostate is a gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is located under the bladder, in front of the rectum the size of a walnut. The functioning of this gland can be disrupted by several types of diseases like prostate cancer.
What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men over the age of 60; it is very rare before age 50. This disease results from abnormal and anarchic development of the cells of the prostate until the formation of a mass called "malignant tumour". More than 90% of prostate cancer is adenocarcinoma and, like other types of cancer, it can spread to other parts of the body.
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When prostate cancer causes symptoms or signs, it is usually diagnosed at a late stage. These symptoms and signs may include:
Low or interrupted urinary discharge or need to get tired to empty the bladder;
The urge to urinate frequently at night;
Blood in the urine;
Blood in the seminal fluid;
The new appearance of erectile dysfunction;
Pain or burning during urination, which is much less common;
Discomfort or pain while sitting, caused by an enlarged prostate.
Screening & Treatment in the best hospital in Turkey & Istanbul
Screening for the disease in Turkey and Istanbul is usually done by digital rectal examination. However, also blood testing of the prostate specific antigen (PSA) and ct scans is required. Finally, if the result is positive, the patient undergoes a biopsy to confirm the presence of cancer at the level of the prostate.
The treatment of prostate cancer in Turkey depends on the result of the PSA and biopsy assay, the tumour size, and the characteristics of the tumour tissue. Several types of treatments are proposed:
Surgical procedure: elimination of the prostate;
Drug treatments: chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapies;
A prostatectomy is an intervention that is designed to completely or partially eliminate the prostate. It can be used to treat prostate cancer or benign prostatic hyperplasia.
A common surgical approach to radical prostatectomy involves making a surgical incision and removing the prostate. This can be accomplished with either retropubic, suprapubic incision (lower abdomen) or perineum incision (through the skin between the scrotum and rectum).
Is there Side Effects of Radiation for Prostate Cancer Treatment?
External radiotherapy necessitate daily sessions (5 days per weeks) during five to eight weeks.
The radiotherapist will take an X-ray image, on the first day of radiotherapy and every week. Radiography makes sure that you are being positioned well during your treatments.
X-ray do not provide diagnosis, so radiation therapists verify your progress from these films. However, radiography is important to help the therapeutic radiographer verify the radiation therapy is targeting the right area that needs treatment.
Side effects of radiation for prostate cancer
The radiotherapist will make small spots looking like freckles will appear on your skin along the treatment. These marks are the targets for the radiation and are a semi-permanent lineation of your treatment area. The radiotherapist will redefine the treatment area when needed.
There are many temporary and long-term side effects of radiation for prostate cancer, such as:
While treating cancer, radiation must penetrate your skin. You may notice some skin alteration in the cutaneous tissue that is exposed to radiation. You may experience some redness, swelling, warming, and sensitivity, as if you have a sunburn.
These skin reactions are frequent and impermanent. They will disappear progressively within four weeks to two months after treatment.
Long-term side effects
Long term side effects of radiation can last up to years after treatment They may include:
A slight hyperpigmentation of the skin;
The onset of pores;
Alteration in sensitivity of the skin;
A thickening of the cutaneous tissue.
Another potential side effect of radiotherapy treatment is sexual dysfunction and urinary disorders such as frequency, bleeding, or, rarely, incontinence.
The cost of your Treatment plans in Istanbul
Turquie Santé puts you in touch with the best doctors specialized in oncology in Turkey to identify the best healing plan for your situation at the lower cost. Added to that, it allows you to check the reviews of customers who have undergone the same surgery.
We help achieve the best results of your prostate cancer treatment at an affordable price in our partner clinics and hospitals in Turkey.
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Frequently asked questions
For stages 1, 2, 3, and non-metastatic stage 4, the chances of survival are estimated at 100%;
In the metastatic phase, 28% of patients survive.
Treatment for prostate cancer in Turkey includes surgery (partial or total prostatectomy), chemotherapy and radiotherapy sometimes combined with hormone therapy.
Almost 40% of men who have had their prostate completely removed complain of erectile dysfunction. However, late functional recovery is possible. Some men resort to drugs, intracavernous injections or the placement of penile prosthesis.
After the total prostatectomy, the patient would be given an injection into the phallus in order to soften and oxygenate the cavernous sponge. After a few weeks, the erection would come back. Sexual activities could therefore be restarted gradually.