Best clinics of Parkinson's Disease in Turkey

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive and neurodegenerative disease that is classified as a brain disorder. It is caused by the death of dopaminergic neurons resulting in dopamine deficiency.

The disease's progress and the possibility of affecting many functions have a negative impact on the patients’ quality of life. This disease appears at the age of 68 for men and 70 for women. Sometimes, a limited number of people with Parkinson’s disease when they are just twenty years old.

Fortunately, many therapeutic options are available in our clinics and medical centers in Turkey and Istanbul. These treatments include surgery, medication and rehabilitative therapy.

Symptoms & Causes of Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative condition that can progressively damage the brain. A person with Parkinson's condition can go through many physical and psychological symptoms.

What are the main Symptoms of Parkinson Disease?

The main signs of the disease are:

  • Resting tremor;
  • Movement disorders,
  • Stiffness;
  • Bradycardia
  • Postural disorder.

Although the disease mainly involves functions that control mobility, it often compromises emotional and psychiatric functions such as depression and dementia.

What are the Causes?

The death of neurons in a brain's part called substantia nigra is one of the main causes of Parkinson’s disease. This results in a decrease in a neurotransmitter called dopamine in the brain.

Dopamine plays an important part in controlling the motion of the body. A decrease in dopamine’s levels is the cause of several symptoms of Parkinson's disease.

The factor that causes the loss of nerve cells is still unexplained. Most medical scientists believe that neurons' degeneration is due some genetic and environmental factors.

How to diagnose it?

The diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease is not an easy task to do. That's why it is carried out by a multidisciplinary team in Turkey and Istanbul. The neurologist formulates a hypothesis based on the clinical history and the evaluation of neurological symptoms and signs.

Magnetic resonance imaging, PET scan, a lumbar puncture and myocardial scintigram serve as support for clinical diagnosis. The neurologist is in charge of deciding the kinds of tests that are required to detect the disease. For a correct diagnosis, the doctor must exclude other diseases that have the same signs and symptoms as Parkinson’s disease.

Indeed, some conditions such as multiple sclerosis may have similar symptoms including slowness of movement. The best neurologists in Turkey can determine the type of the disease thanks to their skills and experience.

How to Cure Parkinson’s Disease in Turkey and Istanbul’s Hospitals?

It is important to recognize that there is currently no cure for Parkinson’s disease. Nevertheless, there are numerous types of treatment which make it possible to manage symptoms effectively for many years. The therapies allow the patient to lead a relatively normal life.

Thanks to neurologists, the patient can decide which therapy is the best option for his specific symptoms and needs. The best doctors in Turkey and Istanbul can provide you with pharmacological, surgical, and rehabilitative treatments. To manage the disease effectively, patients are often treated with different therapies.

The Pharmacological Treatment 

The neurologist treat this disorder by prescribing antiparkinsonian drugs such as dopamine agonists and levodopa. These drugs increase the level of dopamine reaching the brain or stimulate the brain areas where dopamine acts. The response to therapy is individual, so the doctor must prescribe adapted medicines to the specific needs of each patient.

As the disease progresses, patients may require higher dosages or different types of medications to keep the symptoms under control. However, this may lead to an increase in side effects such as:

  • Nausea;
  • Vomiting;
  • Dizziness;
  • Psychosis;
  • Dyskinesia.

When the therapy through medicines is no longer able to control effectively the symptoms, other therapies can be used.

Surgery in Turkey & Istanbul’s Hospitals

Deep brain stimulation surgery is a safe, effective, adjustable, and reversible therapy. It involves the implantation of devices that allow the electrical stimulation of precise points of the brain. This surgery aims at modulating the signals that cause the disabling motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease

Added to that, many of our medical facilities in Turkey offer the gamma knife radiosurgery for deep brain stimulation for Parkinson disease treatment. The radiosurgery with gamma knife is known to be very safe since it does not involve surgical incisions.

Rehabilitative Treatment

Rehabilitative therapy plays an increasingly important role in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. It is proposed as a real treatment that is effective for:

  • Motor recovery;
  • Balance;
  • Cognitive functions;
  • The improvement of the patient's quality of life. 

Doctors working with our clinics and hospitals treat the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system's diseases at an affordable cost. These neurological disorders include diseases such as epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, or other brain vascular diseases.

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