There is still hope for patients with lung cancer. Research has not only improved the therapies, but it is also about inventing new techniques that allow early diagnoses.
These progresses allow patients to treat lung cancer and live a normal life including working, having kids and travelling.
The lung cancer is a serious disease that arises in the lung cells. It all starts with a malignant tumour; which is a group of cancer cells of bronchopulmonary origin. The latter can take over the rest of the organ or even other parts of the body.
Is this a common Pathology?
The lung cancer is the fourth more common type of cancer in the world. It is one of the leading causes of humans’ death.
The main risk’s factor of lung cancer is cigarettes smoking.
Lung cancer appears when cells in the lung tissue mutate or get altered. When a patient has lung cancer, he has defective mutated cells that gathers to form a tumour.
What are the different Types of Lung Cancer?
There are different types of lung cancer that can be distinguished through pathological examination:
- Non-small cell cancer: these types of lung cancer are:
- squamous cell histology;
- large cell carcinomas (sarcomas and carcinomas sarcomatoides).
- Small cell cancer: this type of cells includes carcinomas and mixed small cell carcinoma.
- Pleural mesothelioma: this type is formed in the pleuron that covers the lungs.
- Other types of lung cancer: another cancer that grows and spreads in areas of the lungs such as lymph nodes.
What are the most common Types?
Non-small cell cancers are the most common types of lung cancer. They usually begin in the outer sections of the lungs. These types of cancer develop and spread less fast than small cell lung cancer
They include adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinomas and squamous cell carcinoma.
What are the signs and symptoms?
Unfortunately, thesymptoms arise at a late stage, after the cancer has spread in other organs. You can have a:
- Persistent cough;
- Chest pain;
- Haemoptysis (when someone is coughing up blood);
- General deterioration (asthenia, anorexia and weight loss);
- Dysphonia (change of voice).
Other symptoms may appear and are related to the emancipation of sub hormones released by cancer cells. These symptoms are called paraneoplastic syndrome (digital hippocratism and hypersweating). Symptoms related to a metastasis can also arise.
How is the Diagnosis done before Lung Cancer Treatment in Turkey?
The doctor must be consulted when in doubt. The earlier the diagnosis is done, the better the outcome will be.
The diagnosis that is done before lung cancer treatment involves several steps:
- Through interrogation: it is necessary to state:
- the symptoms;
- the profession (there are occupational risks such as asbestos exposure);
- family history of lung cancer.
- Clinical examination: involves general examination and examination of the respiratory system through inspection, palpation, auscultation, and percussion.
- Supplementary examinations: we start with chest X-ray, chest CT and fiberoptic bronchoscope. The latter allows us to take samples for a pathological examination to confirm the cancer.
Then it is necessary to complete the extension assessment in the search for metastases.
The Best Lung Cancer Treatment Options
The best lung cancer treatmentoptions in Turkey include the following:
- Medical lung cancer treatment: includes general treatment, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy which have some side effects.
- Surgical lung cancer treatment: consists of an excision of the cancerous tissue.
- The undertaken treatments are indicated by specialists in pneumology, oncology, and carcinology surgery. This includes drugs that aims to reinforce the immune system and relieve the symptoms.
The Best Lung Cancer treatment Options & Diagnosis in Turkey at an affordable Cost
The best treatment for lung cancer in Turkey is the preventive treatment. Preventive measures are based on the elimination of risk factors, essentially the elimination of tobacco.
We help our patients to pay affordable costs but not at the expense of quality. All this is possible thanks to our network of more than 70 clinics and hospitals present in Izmir, Istanbul, or Antalya.
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The causes of lung cancer are:
- Active or passive smoking (environmental tobacco smoke);
- Smoking cannabis (Marijuana);
- Exposure to radon: a colorless and inodorous gas that results from the natural decomposition of uranium;
- Exposure to asbestos: minerals resembling very fine fibers, used in plumbing, cement manufacturing and in electricity;
- Exposure to certain chemicals such as Arsenic, Silica powder or Cobalt:
- Air pollution ;
- Genetic factors;
- Exposure to nuclear radiation;
The symptoms of lung cancer are:
- Cough, with shortness of breath and chest pain;
- Coughing up mucus tinted with blood;
- High-pitched whistling sound emitted on exhalation (wheezing);
- Weight loss;
- Dysphonia (alteration of the voice);
- Difficulty swallowing;
- Swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck or above the collarbone;
The diagnosis of lung cancer in Turkey involves:
- The questioning;
- Clinical examination;
- Imaging: radio and scanner (computed tomography);
- Assessment of the stage of the disease (additional examinations to check if other organs are affected).