Brain cancer is no more a death sentence, there are many ways to fight against it, heal it and survive. Actually, the latest technologies in the medical oncology allowed many patients to diagnose and treat their cancer in time.
Nowadays, there are many types of cancer that can infect parts of the brain. A tumour is a mass of mutated cells that multiply in an anarchical way. It can be:
- Benign tumours (cell development is slow and without spread to other parts of the body);
- Malignant tumours (cell multiplication is rapid, and the tumour is difficult to delineate).
Brain cancer is one of the most common tumours that affects many people around the world.
Causes, Treatment and Diagnostics of a Brain Tumor in Istanbul
Glioblastoma Multiform, GBM or astrocytoma, is a fast-growing brain tumor that occurs in the astrocytes and oligodendrocytes within the brain.
Despite the large body of research, the exact cause of glioblastoma tumor cells (also known as head cancer) remains unknown. So, there are factors that may be causing this tumor such as:
- A history of radiation at the level of the head;
- Medicines used to treat diseases such as AIDS or HIV that weaken the immune system of the infected person;
- Excessive use of mobile devices (especially for children);
- Exposure to vinyl chloride.
Glioblastoma : Symptoms, Treatment and Diagnostics of a Brain Tumor in Istanbul
There are several symptoms from which one can deduce the existence or not of brain cancer:
This is the most well-known symptom of brain cancer. However, not all headaches are a sign of cancer, it can be migraine or tension. Thus, the headaches caused by the tumor are more intense, accompanied by vomiting.
The infected person starts to forget things, people, and places. Not to be mistaken with Alzheimer of dementia, that generally occur in old patients.
Disturbances in vision
The vision becomes blurred even if the patient have no ophthalmic diseases. In this case, the vision does not improve even with glasses.
If you experience all or one of the previous symptoms, you may need to consult a doctor and get a brain tumor's treatment. Let’s discover more about the Treatment and diagnostics of a brain Tumor in Istanbul.
The Treatment of a Brain Cancer (Glioblastoma) in Turkey & Istanbul
The existence of brain cancer requires urgent surgery to remove the cancerous mass, a number of chemotherapy and irradiation sessions as well as medications.
People that are more likely to be affected by a Brain Cancer (Glioma)
Every year in Turkey and Istanbul, oncologists diagnoses about 9,000 people diagnosed with a primary brain tumour. They account for 5% of all cancers. Major epidemiological studies have shown that brain tumours have been increasing for several decades, but it is not clear why.
However, the intensive use of cell phones appears to be implicated in the increase in some primary brain tumours. In terms of mobile phone use, children would be more exposed to brain tumours than adults.
What is the Cost of a Glioma diagnosis?
Consult your doctor if you suffer from symptoms like persistent and intense headaches that are accompanied by nausea and vision problems. The price of the diagnosis depend on the doctor's fees and the type of medical tests that the oncologist employs during the consultation.
Are there any Side effects of the Glioma Treatment?
Like any other cancer therapy, the treatment of glioblastoma have some complications and side effects. However, they depend on the initial condition of the patient and the stage of the cancer.
Side effects also differ according to the type of treatment employed:
What are these Side Effects?
Glioblastoma surgery can make the brain swell. However, your doctor or oncologist will give you a treatment to reduce the swelling.
Chemotherapy side effects varies depending on the patient and the dose that the doctor uses. They can include:
- risk of infection;
- Food aversion
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Alopecia (hair loss);
These side effects usually fade after the completion of the treatment.
- Radiotherapy for Glioblastoma can cause these short-term side effects:
- Hair loss;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Skin and scalp alterations;
- Mild cognitive impairment.
How much does it Cost to treat a Glioma in Turkey?
In Turkey and Istanbul, we usually use two kinds of imaging tests which are:
Pet-Scan, that proves its efficiency in detecting 85% of tumours, is a useful tool which permits the doctors to confirm the presence, position, and size of the tumours.
Turquie Santé is an online platform allowing you to contact the most recognized hospitals, clinics and medical specialists. We help you get the best treatment and diagnostics of a brain tumor in Istanbul, Izmir, or Antalya. We promise you to have the best cancer care at a reasonable cost in our partner clinics, hospitals and medical centers in Turkey.
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- Gliomas: or glial tumors, which originate from the cells of the glia, the latter representing up to 90% of the nervous system;
- Glioblastoma: this is the most common brain cancer, it results from an abnormal proliferation of astrocytes (cells of the central nervous system);
- Meningioma: a tumor that is caused by the abnormal proliferation of the meninges (cells surrounding the brain and spinal cord);
- Medulloblastoma: the second most common cancer in children, the exact cause of this tumor is not yet known;
- Pituitary Adenomas: a benign tumor that develops in the pituitary gland (a gland located at the base of the brain and responsible for the secretion of several hormones);
- Brain Lymphoma: a rare form of tumor resulting from the abnormal proliferation of B lymphocytes in the brain.
Some known risk factors for brain cancer include:
- Radiation exposure of the head;
- Immunodeficiency: weakness of the immune system resulting from a disease, such as AIDS, or from taking certain immunosuppressive medicines;
- Contact with vinyl chloride: chemical used in the manufacture of plastic.
There are signs that show you may have a brain tumor:
- Severe headaches upon waking up;
- Epileptic seizures;
- Vomiting and nausea;
- Personality, mood or behavior disorders;
- Difficulty communicating or deciphering words;
- Involuntary movements or difficulty walking (adynamia);
- Asthenia (general weakness or of one side of the body).
The main treatment for brain tumors in our partner clinics in Turkey is surgery. Radiotherapy or chemotherapy is used before and after the procedure to shrink the size of the tumor or remove cancer cells that are left in the brain.
Targeted therapy and immunotherapy have also become essential in the treatment of cancer.